Constitutional System Of Madhya Pradesh (Governer,Chief Minister,Council of Minister,Legislative Assembly,High Court)
Mppsc Prelims Unit 5 Part A Notes
India has adopted a Parliamentary form of Government, which is Federal in ordinary circumstances and becomes unitary in extraordinary situations. Under the federal provision there are various provisions which are made by the founding father of our country to provide certain level of autonomy to the states, here power is distributed between centre and state under various provisions of constitution, such as Provision of seventh schedule( three lists), written constitution, provision of free and fair election, Independent judiciary, Bicameral legislature in the centre, provision of article 249 etc.
The constitutional system of Madhya Pradesh is developed under the provision of Indian Constitution which is of parliamentary form of government’s nature.This entire system is divided into four category –
- Legislature – Unicameral – State Legislative Assembly – 230 Seats & The Governor is nominal head.
- Executive – Governor, Chief Minister and Council of ministers,Chief Secretary, State Secretariat, The Directorate and Departments(Satpura & Vindhyachal Bhavan).
- Judiciary – High Court – Principal Bench – Jabalpur, Subordinate Judiciary at District and Tehsil level.
- Local bodies – Panchayati Raj and Urban Administration.
- The Governor in a state is the nominal head of state legislature and executive,And the real power lies with the chief minister and council of ministers.
- He is appointed by the president of India and holds office during the pleasure of the president.
- All the executive powers of the state government are vested with the governor.
- Important articles of Indian Constitution related with governor –
|1.||Governors of state||153|
|2.||Appointment of governor by the president||155|
|3.||Term of office of governor||156|
|4.||Qualification for appointment as governor||157|
|5.||Condition of governor’s office||158|
|6.||Oath or affirmation by the Governor||159|
|7.||Discharge of functions of Governor in certain contingencies||160|
|8.||Power of governor to grant pardons etc.,and to suspend, remit, or commute sentences in certain cases||161|
|9.||Extent of executive power of state||162|
|10.||Assent to the bills by governor||200|
|11.||Bill reserved for president’s consideration||201|
- The powers of governor are executed generally by either him or any officer appointed by him.
- The salary of a governor is 3,50,000.
- One can be appointed as governor of two or more States.
- The first governor of Madhya Pradesh was Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
- K M Chandy was the governor of Madhya Pradesh during the Bhopal gas tragedy.
- The first acting governor of Madhya Pradesh was justice P V Dikshit.
- Bhagwat Dayal Sharma became the Governor of Madhya Pradesh three times.
- The first woman governor of Madhya Pradesh was Sarla Grewal.
- The longest serving governor of Madhya Pradesh was Hari Vinayak pataskar.
Governors of Madhya Pradesh
|Sr.No.||Name Of Governors||Time Period|
|1.||Shri B. Pattabhi Sitaramaiya||01.11.1956 to 13.06.1957|
|2.||Shri Hari Vinayak Pataskar||14.06.1957 to10.02.1965|
|3.||Shri K.C. Reddy||11.02.1965 to 02.02.1966|
|4.||Justice P.V. Dixit (Acting)||03.02.1966 to 09.02.1966|
|5.||Shri K.C. Reddy||10.02.1966 to 07.03.1971|
|6.||Shri Satyanarayan Sinha||08.03.1971 to 13.10.1977|
|7.||Shri Niranjan Nath Wanchu||14.10.1977 to 16.08.1978|
|8.||Cheppudira Muthana Punacha||17.08.1978 to 29.04.1980|
|9.||Shri Bhagwat Dayal Sharma||30.04.1980 to 25.05.1981|
|10.||Justice G.P. Singh (Acting)||26.05.1981 to 09.07.1981|
|11.||Shri Bhagwat Dayal Sharma||10.07.1981 to 20.09.1983|
|12.||Justice G.P. Singh (Acting)||21.09.1983 to 07.10.1983|
|13.||Shri Bhagwat Dayal Sharma||08.10.1983 to 14.05.1984|
|14.||Shri K.M. Chandy||15.05.1984 to 30.11.1987|
|15.||Justice N.D. Ojha (Acting)||01.12.1987 to 29.12.1987|
|16.||Shri K.M. Chandy||30.12.1987 to 30.03.1989|
|17.||Smt. Sarla Grewal (First Woman)||31.03.1989 to 05.02.1990|
|18.||Kunwar Mahmud Ali Khan (First Muslim)||06.02.1990 to 23.06.1993|
|19.||Dr. Mohd. Shafi Qureshi||24.06.1993 to 21.04.1998|
|20.||Dr. Bhai Mahavir||22.04.1998 to 06.05.2003|
|21.||Shri.Ram Prakash Gupta||07.05.2003 to 01.05.2004|
|22.||Shri Krishna Mohan Seth(Acting)||02.05.2004 to 29.06.2004|
|23.||Dr. Balram Jakhar||30.06.2004 to 29.06.2009|
|24.||Shri Rameshwar Thakur||30.06.2009 to 07.09.2011|
|25.||Shri Ramnaresh Yadav||08.09.2011 to 07.09.2016|
|26.||Shri O.P. Kohli||08.09.2016 to 22.01.2018|
|27.||Smt. Anandiben Mufatbhai Patel||23.01.2018 to 28.07.2019|
|28.||Shri Lalji Tandon||29.07.2019 to 30.06.2020|
|29.||Smt. Anandiben Mufatbhai Patel||01.07.2020 to Continuing|
(source – www.mpinfo.org)
Legislature of Madhya Pradesh
The legislature is the lawmaking body of government.The parliamentary system established the provision for legislature and state assembly. The state legislature can be bicameral, however the upper house( state legislative council – article 169) for states is optional.
Until now Madhya Pradesh has a unicameral legislature.
- The provision for state legislative assembly is given under part 6 between article 168 to 212.
- The total seats in Madhya Pradesh state legislative assembly is 230. Out of this 47 seats are reserved for scheduled tribes and 35 seats are reserved for scheduled castes.
- Prior to partition ( before 2000) the total number of seats in Madhya Pradesh state legislative assembly was 320.
- The total seats of Lok Sabha in Madhya Pradesh are 29 and in Rajya Sabha are 11.
- In Lok Sabha 4 seats are reserved for scheduled castes and 6 are reserved for scheduled tribes.
- Four SC reserved constituencies are – Tikamgarh,Ujjain, Dewas,Bhind.(Trick to remember – TU DB ja).
- Six constituencies are reserved for scheduled tribes are – Ratlam-Jhabua, Khargone, Betul, Dhaar, Mandala, Shahdol.
- Name of old vidhansabha – Minto hall.
- The present name of the State Legislature is Indira Gandhi Vidhan Sabha.
- The first speaker of Madhya Pradesh state legislature was Pandit kunjilal Dubey.
- Presently 15th Vidhan Sabha is going on.Its Protem speaker was Rameshwar Sharma.
- The 7th Amendment Act of 1956 provided a provision of state legislative council in the state, but no such notification has been issued so far by the president of India.
List of speakers of Madhya Pradesh
|Sr.No||Name Of Speaker||Tenure||Legislature No.|
|1.||Pt. Kunjilal Dubey||01/11/1956 to 17/12/1956
18/12/1956 to 01/07/1957
|First 1956 1957-|
|2.||Pt. Kunjilal Dubey||02/07/1957 to 26/03/1962||Second 1957 to 1962|
|3.||Pt. Kunjilal Dubey||27/03/1962 to 07/03/1967||Third 1962 to 1967|
|4.||Kashi Prasad Pandey||24/03/1967 to 24/03/1972||Fourth 1967 to 1972|
|5.||Tej Lal Tembhare||25/03/1972 to 10/08/1972||Fifth 1972 to 1977|
|6.||Gulsher Ahmad||14/08/1972 to 14/07/1977||Fifth 1972 to 1977|
|7.||Mukund Sakharam Nevalkar||15/07/1977 to 02/07/1980||Sixth 1977 to 1980|
|8.||Yagya Dutt Sharma||03/07/1980 to 19/07/1983||Seventh 1980 to 1985|
|9.||Ram Kishore Shukla||05/03/1984 to 13/03/1985||Seventh 1980 to 1985|
|10.||Rajendra Prasad Shukla||25/03/1985 to 19/03/1990||Eighth 1985 to 1990|
|11.||Brijmohan Mishra||20/03/1990 to 22/12/1993||Ninth 1990 to 1992|
|12.||Shriniwas Tiwari||24/12/1993 to 01/02/1999||Tenth 1993 to 1998|
|13.||Shriniwas Tiwari||02/02/1999 to 11/12/2003||Eleventh 1998 to 2003|
|14.||Ishwar Das Rohani||16/12/2003 to 04/01/2009||Twelfth 2003 to 2008|
|15.||Ishwar Das Rohani||07/01/2009 to 05/11/2013||Thirteen 2008 to 2013|
|16.||Sita sharan Sharma||09/01/2014 to 01/01/2019||Fourteenth 2013 to 18|
|17.||Narmada Prasad Prajapati||08/01/2019 to 23/03/2020||Fifteenth 2018 to untill|
|18.||Girish Goutam||22/02/2021 to until now||Fifteenth 2018 to untill|
Executive of Madhya Pradesh
The executive includes Governor, Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Chief secretary, State Secretariat, The directorate and the departments.
Chief Minister and Council of ministers :- The nominal head of state executive is Governor, however the real power lies in the hands of the Chief minister and Council of Ministers.The chief minister and council of ministers are appointed by the governor of state, under article 163 of Indian Constitution.
- The chief minister is the real head of government and in most circumstances the governor accepts his advice.
- The longest serving chief minister of Madhya Pradesh is Shivraj Singh Chauhan (still serving for almost 12 years).
- The size of the council of ministers cannot be more than 15% of the total strength of the lower house – 91st Amendment 2003.
- The president’s rule ( article 356) has been applied three times so far – 1977, 1980 and 1992.
- During the first president rule the Chief Minister was Shyama Charan Shukla and governor was Satyanarayan Sinha.( 30 April 1977 to 23rd June 1977).
- During the second president rule, the Chief Minister was Sundar Lal Patwa and the Governor was Cheppudira Muthana Punacha.(16th February 1980 to 8th June 1980)
- The third president rule was applied in the event of Babri demolition where the president rule was enforced in all BJP ruling States(Jansangh) by the PV Narsimha Rao government. During this Chief Minister was Sundar Lal Patwa and the Governor was Kunwar Mahmood Ali Khan.(16th December 1992 to 6th December 1993 – Longest).
- Following Institutions are headed by chief minister ( ex-officio chairman)
- State planning board
- Madhya Pradesh Sanskrit Council
- Madhya Pradesh biotechnology Council
- MAP IT – Bhopal
- Maharshi Patanjali Sansthan – Bhopal
- Madhya Pradesh Gou palan avam pashu samvardhan board
List of Chief Ministers in M.P.
|Sr. No||Name||TIme Period|
|1.||Shri Ravishankar Shukla||01.11.1956 to 31.12.195|
|2.||Shri Bhagwantrao Mandloi||01.01.1957 to 30.01.1957|
|3.||Dr. Kailashnath Katju||31.01.1957 to 14.04.1957|
|4.||Dr. Kailashnath Katju||15.04.1957 to 11.03.1962|
|5.||Shri Bhagwantrao Mandloi||12.03.1962 to 29.09.1963|
|6.||Shri Dwarka Prasad Mishra||30.09.1963 to 08.03.1967|
|7.||Shri Dwarka Prasad Mishra||09.03.1967 to 29.07.1967|
|8.||Shri Govindnarayan Singh||30.07.1967 to 12.03.1969|
|9.||Shri Naresh Chandra Singh||13.03.1969 to 25.03.1969|
|10.||Shri Shyamacharan Shukla||26.03.1969 to 28.01.1972|
|11.||Shri Prakash Chandra Sethi||29.01.1972 to 22.03.1972|
|12.||Shri Prakash Chandra Sethi||23.03.1972 to 22.12.1975|
|13.||Shri Shyamacharan Shukla||23.12.1975 to 29.04.1977|
|President’s Rule||30.04.1977 to 25.06.1977|
|14.||Shri Kailash Chandra Joshi||26.06.1977 to 17.01.1978|
|15.||Shri Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha||18.01.1978 to 19.01.1980|
|16.||Shri Sunderlal Patwa||20.01.1980 to 17.02.1980|
|President’s Rule||18.02.1980 to 08.06.1980|
|17.||Shri Arjun Singh||09.06.1980 to 10.03.1985|
|18.||Shri Arjun Singh||11.03.1985 to 12.03.1985|
|19.||Shri Motilal Vora||13.03.1985 to 13.02.1988|
|20.||Shri Arjun Singh||14.02.1988 to 24.01.1989|
|21.||Shri Motilal Vora||25.01.1989 to 08.12.1989|
|22.||Shri Shyamacharan Shukla||09.12.1989 to 04.03.1990|
|23.||Shri Sunderlal Patwa||05.03.1990 to 15.12.1992|
|President’s rule||16.12.1992 to 06.12.1993|
|24.||Shri Digvijay Singh||07.12.1993 to 01.12.1998|
|25.||Shri Digvijay Singh||01.12.1998 to 08.12.2003|
|26.||Sushri Uma Bharti||08.12.2003 to 23.08.2004|
|27.||Shri Babulal Gaur||23.08.2004 to 29.11.2005|
|28.||Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan||29.11.2005 to 12.12.2008|
|29.||Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan||12.12.2008 to 13.12.2014|
|30.||Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan||14.12.2013 to 16.12.2018|
|31.||Shri Kamalnath||17.12.2018 to 20 March 2020|
|32.||Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan||23.3.2020 to until now|
Source – www.mpinfo.org
High Court of Madhya Pradesh
- The high court of state is the apex judicial body,The entire subordinate judiciary works under this.
- Subordinate Judiciary work under the supervision of the High Court and high court work under the supervision of the Supreme Court,India has adopted an integrated judicial system( single unified judiciary system).
- The oldest High Court of our country is Calcutta High Court.
- The High Court of Madhya Pradesh was initially established at Nagpur under the court of India Act 1935, however after the formation of Madhya Pradesh in 1956 it was abolished and Madhya Pradesh has its own High Court on 1st November 1956 in Jabalpur.
- The principal bench of Madhya Pradesh high court is in Jabalpur while the other benches are in Gwalior and Indore.
- Another High Court bench is proposed in Bhopal.
- The National Judicial Academy is in Bhopal.
- The Madhya Pradesh state judicial Academy is at Jabalpur.
- The total sanctioned posts for High Court judges in Madhya Pradesh high court is 53.
- The first chief justice of Madhya Pradesh was justice M.Hidayatullah.
List of Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh
|Sr. No.||Name of Chief Justice|
|1.||Hon. Shri Justice M.Hidayatullah|
|2.||Hon. Shri Justice G.P. Bhut|
|3.||Hon. Shri Justice P.V. Dixit|
|4.||Hon. Shri Justice Bishambhar Dayal|
|5.||Hon. Shri Justice P.K. Tare|
|6.||Hon. Shri Justice Shiv Dayal Shrivastava|
|7.||Hon. Shri Justice A.P. Sen|
|8.||Hon. Shri Justice G.P. Singh|
|9.||Hon. Shri Justice G.L. Oza|
|10.||Hon. Shri Justice J.S. Verma|
|11.||Hon. Shri Justice N.D. Ojha|
|12.||Hon. Shri Justice G.G. Sohani|
|13.||Hon. Shri Justice S.K. Jha|
|14.||Hon. Shri Justice U.L. Bhat|
|15.||Hon. Shri Justice A.K. Mathur|
|16.||Hon. Shri Justice Bhawani Singh|
|17.||Hon. Shri Justice Kumar Rajaratnam|
|18.||Hon. Shri Justice R.V. Raveendran|
|19.||Hon. Shri Justice A.K. Patnaik|
|20.||Hon. Shri Justice S.Rafat Alam|
|21.||Hon. Shri Justice S.A. Bobde|
|22.||Hon. Shri Justice A.M. Khanwilkar|
|23.||Hon. Shri Justice Hemant Gupta|
|24.||Hon. Shri Justice S. K. SETH|
|25.||Hon. Shri Justice AJAY KUMAR MITTAL|
Source – www.mphc.gov.in
The Directorate and Secretariat
- The secretariat of Madhya Pradesh is in Bhopal, where the ministers and secretaries perform their day-to-day works of Administration.Secretariat is considered as Central point of Administration and its highest official is chief secretary
- Vindhyachal Bhawan and Satpura Bhawan are in Bhopal which are directorates of various departments.
- Presently the state is divided into 52 districts and 10 divisions.( Chhindwara division, and Nagda district are under proposal).
List of Chief Secretaries
|1.||Shri H.S. Kamath||01.11.1956 to 24.11.1963|
|2.||Shri R.P. Noronha||25.11.1963 to Aug. 1968|
|3.||Shri M.P. Shrivastava||02.09.1968 to 17.11.1969|
|4.||Shri R.P. Naik||18.11.1969 to 0 6.09.1972|
|5.||Shri R.P. Noronha||06.09.1972 to 14.05 1974|
|6.||Shri M.S. Chaudhary||14.05.1974 to 30.04.1975|
|7.||Shri S.C. Verma||26.06.1975 to 11.09.1977|
|8.||Shri K.L. Pasricha||20.09.1977 to 29.02.1980|
|9.||Shri B.K. Dube||06.03.1980 to 29.10.1980|
|10.||Shri G. Jagathpathi||01.11.1980 to 31.11.1982|
|11.||Shri Birbal||01.08.1982 to 27.05.1983|
|12.||Shri Brahma Swarup||28.05.1983 to 15.11.1985|
|13.||Shri K.C.S. Acharya||15.11.1985 to 09.03.1988|
|14.||Shri M.S. Singh Dev||09.03.1988 to 30.06.1988|
|15.||Shri R.N. Chopra||01.07.1988 to 30.09.1989|
|16.||Shri R.S. Khanna||30.09.1989 to 31.03.1990|
|17.||Shri R.P. Kapoor||31.03.1990 to 22.09.1991|
|18.||Smt. Nirmala Buch (First Woman)||22.09.1991 to 01.01.1993|
|19.||Shri N.S. Sethi||01.01.1993 to 30.11.1995|
|20.||Shri S.C. Behar||30.11.1995 to 31.01.1997|
|21.||Shri K.S. Sharma||31.01.1997 to 31.07.2001|
|22.||Shri P.K. Mehrotra||01.08.2001 to 28.02.2002|
|23.||Shri A.V.Singh||01.03.2002 to 05.01.2004|
|24.||Shri B.K. Saha||05.01.2004 to 30.09.2004|
|25.||Shri Vijay Singh||01.10.2004 to 27.01.2006|
|26.||Shri R.C. Sahni||28.01.2006 to 31.01.2010|
|27.||Shri Avani Vaish||01.02.2010 to 30.04.2012|
|28.||Shri R. Parsuram||01.05.2012 to 30.09.2013|
|29.||Shri Anthony JC DeSa||01.10.2013 to 31.10.2016|
|30.||Shri Basant Pratap Singh||01.11.2016 to 31.12.2018|
|31.||Shri Sudhi Ranjan Mohanty||01.01.2019 to 16.03.2020|
|32.||Shri M. Gopal Reddy||16.03.2020 to 24.03.2020|
|333.||Shri Iqbal Singh Bains||24.03.2020 to Continue|
Other important facts related with administration in Madhya Pradesh
- District magistrate is head of district who serves under the Commissioner of division.
- RCVP Noronha Academy of Administration is in Bhopal which provides training for state services offices and employees.
- Rural Development Institute is in Jabalpur.
- Rural Panchayat Training Centre is in Amarkantak Anuppur.
- The women and child development training centre is inBetul.
- Institution comes under General Administration Department (GAD) are
- RCVP Noronha Academy – Bhopal
- Madhya Pradesh Bhavan – New Delhi
- Lokayukta (HQ – Bhopal)
- MP Human Right Commission
- EOW – Economic offences wing (HQ – Bhopal)
- State Election Commission
- State Information Commission
- Commissioner Departmental Inquiry
- Fishery training institute in Chhatarpur.
- Prior to partition (before 2000) the total seats of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha in Madhya Pradesh were 40 and 16 respectively.