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Constitutional System Of Madhya Pradesh

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Constitutional System Of Madhya Pradesh (Governer,Chief Minister,Council of Minister,Legislative Assembly,High Court)

Mppsc Prelims Unit 5 Part A Notes

India has adopted a Parliamentary form of Government, which is Federal in ordinary circumstances and becomes unitary in extraordinary situations. Under the federal provision there are various provisions which are made by the founding father of our country to provide certain level of autonomy to the states, here  power is distributed between centre and state under various provisions of constitution, such as Provision of seventh schedule( three lists), written constitution, provision of free and fair election, Independent judiciary, Bicameral legislature in the centre, provision of article 249 etc.

The constitutional system of Madhya Pradesh is developed under the provision of Indian Constitution which is of parliamentary  form of government’s nature.This entire system is divided  into four category

  1. Legislature – Unicameral – State Legislative Assembly – 230 Seats & The Governor is nominal head.
  2. Executive – Governor, Chief Minister and Council of ministers,Chief Secretary, State Secretariat, The Directorate and Departments(Satpura & Vindhyachal Bhavan).
  3. Judiciary – High Court – Principal Bench –  Jabalpur, Subordinate Judiciary at District and Tehsil level.
  4. Local bodies – Panchayati Raj and Urban Administration.

Governor

  • The Governor in a state is the nominal head of state legislature and executive,And the real power lies with the chief minister and council of ministers.
  • He is appointed by the president of India and holds office during the pleasure of the president.
  • All the executive powers of the state government are vested with the governor.
  • Important articles of Indian Constitution related with governor
Sr. No                                  Provision              Article
1. Governors of state              153
2. Appointment of governor by the president              155
3. Term of office of governor              156
4. Qualification for appointment as governor              157
5. Condition of governor’s office              158
6. Oath or affirmation by the Governor              159
7. Discharge of functions of Governor in certain contingencies              160
8. Power of governor to grant pardons etc.,and to suspend, remit, or commute sentences in certain cases              161
9. Extent of executive power of state              162
10. Assent to the bills by governor              200
11. Bill reserved for president’s consideration              201

 

  • The powers of governor are executed generally by either him or any officer appointed by him.
  • The salary of a governor is 3,50,000.
  • One can be appointed as governor of two or more States.
  • The first governor of Madhya Pradesh was Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
  • K M Chandy was the governor of Madhya Pradesh during the Bhopal gas tragedy.
  • The first acting governor of Madhya Pradesh was justice P V Dikshit.
  • Bhagwat Dayal Sharma became the Governor of Madhya Pradesh three times.
  • The first woman governor of Madhya Pradesh was Sarla Grewal.
  • The longest serving governor of Madhya Pradesh was Hari Vinayak pataskar.

 

  • Governors of Madhya Pradesh

Sr.No. Name Of Governors Time Period
1. Shri B. Pattabhi Sitaramaiya 01.11.1956 to 13.06.1957
2. Shri Hari Vinayak Pataskar 14.06.1957 to10.02.1965
3. Shri K.C. Reddy 11.02.1965 to 02.02.1966
4. Justice P.V. Dixit (Acting) 03.02.1966 to 09.02.1966
5. Shri K.C. Reddy 10.02.1966 to 07.03.1971
6. Shri Satyanarayan Sinha 08.03.1971 to 13.10.1977
7. Shri Niranjan Nath Wanchu 14.10.1977 to 16.08.1978
8. Cheppudira Muthana Punacha 17.08.1978 to 29.04.1980
9. Shri Bhagwat Dayal Sharma 30.04.1980 to 25.05.1981
10. Justice G.P. Singh (Acting) 26.05.1981 to 09.07.1981
11. Shri Bhagwat Dayal Sharma 10.07.1981 to 20.09.1983
12. Justice G.P. Singh (Acting) 21.09.1983 to 07.10.1983
13. Shri Bhagwat Dayal Sharma 08.10.1983 to 14.05.1984
14. Shri K.M. Chandy 15.05.1984 to 30.11.1987
15. Justice N.D. Ojha (Acting) 01.12.1987 to 29.12.1987
16. Shri K.M. Chandy 30.12.1987 to 30.03.1989
17. Smt. Sarla Grewal (First Woman) 31.03.1989 to 05.02.1990
18. Kunwar Mahmud Ali Khan (First Muslim) 06.02.1990 to 23.06.1993
19. Dr. Mohd. Shafi Qureshi 24.06.1993 to 21.04.1998
20. Dr. Bhai Mahavir 22.04.1998 to 06.05.2003
21. Shri.Ram Prakash Gupta 07.05.2003 to 01.05.2004
22. Shri Krishna Mohan Seth(Acting) 02.05.2004 to 29.06.2004
23. Dr. Balram Jakhar 30.06.2004 to 29.06.2009
24. Shri Rameshwar Thakur 30.06.2009 to 07.09.2011
25. Shri Ramnaresh Yadav 08.09.2011 to 07.09.2016
26. Shri O.P. Kohli 08.09.2016 to 22.01.2018
27. Smt. Anandiben Mufatbhai Patel 23.01.2018 to 28.07.2019
28. Shri Lalji Tandon 29.07.2019 to 30.06.2020
29. Smt. Anandiben Mufatbhai Patel 01.07.2020 to Continuing

(source – www.mpinfo.org)

Legislature of Madhya Pradesh

The legislature is the lawmaking body of government.The parliamentary system  established the provision for legislature and state assembly. The state legislature  can be bicameral, however the upper house( state legislative council – article 169)  for states is optional.

Until now Madhya Pradesh has a unicameral legislature.

  • The provision for state legislative assembly is given under part 6 between article 168 to 212.
  • The total seats in Madhya Pradesh state legislative assembly is 230. Out of this 47 seats are reserved for scheduled tribes and 35 seats are reserved for scheduled castes.
  • Prior to partition ( before 2000)  the total number of seats in Madhya Pradesh state legislative assembly was 320.
  • The total seats of Lok Sabha in Madhya Pradesh are 29 and in Rajya Sabha are 11.
  • In Lok Sabha 4 seats are reserved for scheduled castes and 6 are reserved for scheduled tribes.
  • Four SC reserved constituencies are – Tikamgarh,Ujjain, Dewas,Bhind.(Trick to remember – TU DB ja).
  • Six constituencies are reserved for scheduled tribes are – Ratlam-Jhabua, Khargone, Betul, Dhaar, Mandala, Shahdol.
  • Name of old vidhansabha – Minto hall.
  • The present name of the State Legislature is Indira Gandhi Vidhan Sabha.
  • The first speaker of Madhya Pradesh state legislature was Pandit kunjilal Dubey.
  • Presently 15th Vidhan Sabha is going on.Its Protem speaker was Rameshwar Sharma.
  • The 7th Amendment Act of 1956 provided a provision of state legislative council in the state, but no such notification has been issued so far by the president of India.

 

  • List of speakers of Madhya Pradesh

Sr.No             Name Of Speaker        Tenure       Legislature No.
1. Pt. Kunjilal Dubey 01/11/1956 to 17/12/1956

18/12/1956 to 01/07/1957

First 1956 1957-
2. Pt. Kunjilal Dubey 02/07/1957 to 26/03/1962 Second 1957 to 1962
3. Pt. Kunjilal Dubey 27/03/1962 to 07/03/1967 Third 1962 to 1967
4. Kashi Prasad Pandey 24/03/1967 to 24/03/1972 Fourth 1967 to 1972
5. Tej Lal Tembhare 25/03/1972 to 10/08/1972 Fifth 1972 to 1977
6. Gulsher Ahmad 14/08/1972 to 14/07/1977 Fifth 1972 to 1977
7. Mukund Sakharam Nevalkar 15/07/1977 to 02/07/1980 Sixth 1977 to 1980
8. Yagya Dutt Sharma 03/07/1980 to 19/07/1983 Seventh 1980 to 1985
9. Ram Kishore Shukla 05/03/1984 to 13/03/1985 Seventh 1980 to 1985
10. Rajendra Prasad Shukla 25/03/1985 to 19/03/1990 Eighth 1985 to 1990
11. Brijmohan Mishra 20/03/1990 to 22/12/1993 Ninth 1990 to 1992
12. Shriniwas Tiwari 24/12/1993 to 01/02/1999 Tenth 1993 to 1998
13. Shriniwas Tiwari 02/02/1999 to 11/12/2003 Eleventh 1998 to 2003
14. Ishwar Das Rohani 16/12/2003 to 04/01/2009 Twelfth 2003 to 2008
15. Ishwar Das Rohani 07/01/2009 to 05/11/2013 Thirteen 2008 to 2013
16. Sita sharan Sharma 09/01/2014 to 01/01/2019 Fourteenth 2013 to 18
17. Narmada Prasad Prajapati 08/01/2019 to 23/03/2020 Fifteenth 2018 to untill
18. Girish Goutam 22/02/2021 to until now Fifteenth 2018 to untill

Executive of Madhya Pradesh

The executive includes Governor, Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Chief secretary, State Secretariat, The directorate and the departments.

Chief Minister and Council of ministers :- The nominal head of state executive is Governor, however the real power lies in the hands of the Chief minister and Council of Ministers.The chief minister and council of ministers are appointed by the governor of state, under article 163 of Indian Constitution.

  • The chief minister is the real head of government and in most circumstances the governor accepts his advice.
  • The longest serving chief minister of Madhya Pradesh is Shivraj Singh Chauhan (still serving for almost 12 years).
  • The size of the council of ministers cannot be more than 15% of the total strength of the lower house – 91st Amendment 2003.
  • The president’s rule ( article 356) has been applied three times so far –  1977, 1980 and 1992.
  • During the first president rule the Chief Minister was Shyama Charan Shukla and governor was Satyanarayan Sinha.( 30 April 1977 to 23rd June 1977).
  • During the second president rule, the Chief Minister was Sundar Lal Patwa and the Governor was Cheppudira Muthana Punacha.(16th February 1980 to 8th June 1980)
  • The third president rule was applied in the event of Babri demolition where the president rule was enforced in all BJP ruling States(Jansangh) by the PV Narsimha Rao government. During this Chief Minister was Sundar Lal Patwa and the Governor was Kunwar Mahmood Ali Khan.(16th December 1992 to 6th December 1993 – Longest).
  • Following Institutions are headed by chief minister ( ex-officio chairman)
  1. State planning board
  2. Madhya Pradesh Sanskrit Council
  3. Madhya Pradesh biotechnology Council
  4. MAP IT – Bhopal
  5. Maharshi Patanjali Sansthan – Bhopal
  6. Madhya Pradesh Gou palan avam pashu samvardhan board

List of Chief Ministers in M.P.

Sr. No                              Name                        TIme Period
1. Shri Ravishankar Shukla 01.11.1956      to   31.12.195
2. Shri Bhagwantrao Mandloi 01.01.1957      to   30.01.1957
3. Dr. Kailashnath Katju 31.01.1957      to   14.04.1957
4. Dr. Kailashnath Katju 15.04.1957      to   11.03.1962
5. Shri Bhagwantrao Mandloi 12.03.1962      to   29.09.1963
6. Shri Dwarka Prasad Mishra 30.09.1963      to   08.03.1967
7. Shri Dwarka Prasad Mishra 09.03.1967      to   29.07.1967
8. Shri Govindnarayan Singh 30.07.1967      to   12.03.1969
9. Shri Naresh Chandra Singh 13.03.1969      to   25.03.1969
10. Shri Shyamacharan Shukla 26.03.1969      to   28.01.1972
11. Shri Prakash Chandra Sethi 29.01.1972      to   22.03.1972
12. Shri Prakash Chandra Sethi 23.03.1972      to   22.12.1975
13. Shri Shyamacharan Shukla 23.12.1975      to   29.04.1977
President’s Rule 30.04.1977      to   25.06.1977
14. Shri Kailash Chandra Joshi 26.06.1977      to   17.01.1978
15. Shri Virendra Kumar Sakhlecha 18.01.1978      to   19.01.1980
16. Shri Sunderlal Patwa 20.01.1980      to   17.02.1980
President’s Rule 18.02.1980      to   08.06.1980
17. Shri Arjun Singh 09.06.1980      to   10.03.1985
18. Shri Arjun Singh 11.03.1985      to   12.03.1985
19. Shri Motilal Vora 13.03.1985      to   13.02.1988
20. Shri Arjun Singh 14.02.1988      to   24.01.1989
21. Shri Motilal Vora 25.01.1989      to   08.12.1989
22. Shri Shyamacharan Shukla 09.12.1989      to   04.03.1990
23. Shri Sunderlal Patwa 05.03.1990      to   15.12.1992
President’s rule 16.12.1992      to   06.12.1993
24. Shri Digvijay Singh 07.12.1993      to   01.12.1998
25. Shri Digvijay Singh 01.12.1998      to   08.12.2003
26. Sushri Uma Bharti 08.12.2003      to   23.08.2004
27. Shri Babulal Gaur 23.08.2004      to   29.11.2005
28. Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan 29.11.2005      to   12.12.2008
29. Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan 12.12.2008      to   13.12.2014
30. Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan 14.12.2013      to   16.12.2018
31. Shri Kamalnath 17.12.2018      to   20 March 2020
32. Shri Shivraj Singh Chouhan 23.3.2020 to until now

Source – www.mpinfo.org

High Court of Madhya Pradesh

  • The high court of state is the apex judicial body,The entire subordinate judiciary works under this.
  • Subordinate Judiciary work under the supervision of the High Court and high court work under the supervision of the Supreme Court,India has adopted an integrated judicial system( single unified judiciary system).
  • The oldest High Court of our country is Calcutta High Court.
  • The High Court of Madhya Pradesh was initially established at Nagpur under the court of India Act 1935, however after the formation of Madhya Pradesh in 1956 it was abolished and Madhya Pradesh has its own High Court on 1st November 1956 in Jabalpur.
  • The principal bench of Madhya Pradesh high court is in Jabalpur while the other benches are in Gwalior and Indore.
  • Another High Court bench is proposed in Bhopal.
  • The National Judicial Academy is in Bhopal.
  • The Madhya Pradesh state judicial Academy is at Jabalpur.
  • The total sanctioned posts for High Court judges in Madhya Pradesh high court is 53.
  • The first chief justice of Madhya Pradesh was justice M.Hidayatullah.

List of Chief Justice of Madhya Pradesh

   Sr. No.                      Name of Chief Justice
1. Hon. Shri Justice M.Hidayatullah
2. Hon. Shri Justice G.P. Bhut
3. Hon. Shri Justice P.V. Dixit
4. Hon. Shri Justice Bishambhar Dayal
5. Hon. Shri Justice P.K. Tare
6. Hon. Shri Justice Shiv Dayal Shrivastava
7. Hon. Shri Justice A.P. Sen
8. Hon. Shri Justice G.P. Singh
9. Hon. Shri Justice G.L. Oza
10. Hon. Shri Justice J.S. Verma
11. Hon. Shri Justice N.D. Ojha
12. Hon. Shri Justice G.G. Sohani
13. Hon. Shri Justice S.K. Jha
14. Hon. Shri Justice U.L. Bhat
15. Hon. Shri Justice A.K. Mathur
16. Hon. Shri Justice Bhawani Singh
17. Hon. Shri Justice Kumar Rajaratnam
18. Hon. Shri Justice R.V. Raveendran
19. Hon. Shri Justice A.K. Patnaik
20. Hon. Shri Justice S.Rafat Alam
21. Hon. Shri Justice S.A. Bobde
22. Hon. Shri Justice A.M. Khanwilkar
23. Hon. Shri Justice Hemant Gupta
24. Hon. Shri Justice S. K. SETH
25. Hon. Shri Justice AJAY KUMAR MITTAL

Source – www.mphc.gov.in

The Directorate and Secretariat

  • The secretariat of Madhya Pradesh is in Bhopal, where the ministers and secretaries perform their day-to-day works of Administration.Secretariat is considered as Central point of Administration and its  highest official is chief secretary
  • Vindhyachal Bhawan and Satpura Bhawan are in Bhopal which are directorates of various departments.
  • Presently the state is divided into 52 districts and 10 divisions.( Chhindwara division, and Nagda district are under proposal).

List of Chief Secretaries

Sr. No.                                  Name                           Period
1. Shri H.S. Kamath 01.11.1956        to   24.11.1963
2. Shri R.P. Noronha 25.11.1963        to   Aug. 1968
3. Shri M.P. Shrivastava 02.09.1968        to   17.11.1969
4. Shri R.P. Naik 18.11.1969        to  0 6.09.1972
5. Shri R.P. Noronha 06.09.1972    to  14.05 1974
6. Shri M.S. Chaudhary 14.05.1974        to   30.04.1975
7. Shri S.C. Verma 26.06.1975        to   11.09.1977
8. Shri K.L. Pasricha 20.09.1977        to   29.02.1980
9. Shri B.K. Dube 06.03.1980        to   29.10.1980
10. Shri G. Jagathpathi 01.11.1980        to   31.11.1982
11. Shri Birbal 01.08.1982        to   27.05.1983
12. Shri Brahma Swarup 28.05.1983        to   15.11.1985
13. Shri K.C.S. Acharya 15.11.1985        to   09.03.1988
14. Shri M.S. Singh Dev 09.03.1988        to   30.06.1988
15. Shri R.N. Chopra 01.07.1988        to   30.09.1989
16. Shri R.S. Khanna 30.09.1989        to   31.03.1990
17. Shri R.P. Kapoor 31.03.1990        to   22.09.1991
18. Smt. Nirmala Buch (First Woman) 22.09.1991        to   01.01.1993
19. Shri N.S. Sethi 01.01.1993        to   30.11.1995
20. Shri S.C. Behar 30.11.1995        to   31.01.1997
21. Shri K.S. Sharma 31.01.1997        to   31.07.2001
22. Shri P.K. Mehrotra 01.08.2001        to   28.02.2002
23. Shri A.V.Singh 01.03.2002    to   05.01.2004
24. Shri B.K. Saha 05.01.2004    to   30.09.2004
25. Shri Vijay Singh 01.10.2004    to   27.01.2006
26. Shri R.C. Sahni 28.01.2006    to   31.01.2010
27. Shri Avani Vaish 01.02.2010    to   30.04.2012
28. Shri R. Parsuram 01.05.2012    to   30.09.2013
29. Shri Anthony JC DeSa 01.10.2013    to   31.10.2016
30. Shri Basant Pratap Singh 01.11.2016    to   31.12.2018
31. Shri Sudhi Ranjan Mohanty 01.01.2019    to   16.03.2020
32. Shri M. Gopal Reddy 16.03.2020    to   24.03.2020
333. Shri Iqbal Singh Bains 24.03.2020    to   Continue

Other important facts related with administration in Madhya Pradesh

  • District magistrate is head of district who serves under the Commissioner of division.
  • RCVP Noronha Academy of Administration is in Bhopal which provides training for state services offices and employees.
  • Rural Development Institute is in Jabalpur.
  • Rural Panchayat Training Centre is in Amarkantak Anuppur.
  • The women and child development training centre is inBetul.
  • Institution comes under General Administration Department (GAD) are
  1. RCVP Noronha Academy – Bhopal
  2. Madhya Pradesh Bhavan – New Delhi
  3. Lokayukta (HQ – Bhopal)
  4. MP Human Right Commission
  5. MPPSC
  6. EOW – Economic offences wing (HQ – Bhopal)
  7. State Election Commission
  8. State Information Commission
  9. Commissioner Departmental Inquiry
  • Fishery training institute in Chhatarpur.
  • Prior to partition (before 2000) the total seats of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha in Madhya Pradesh were 40 and 16 respectively.
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