Animal Husbandry In Madhya Pradesh
Mppsc Prelims Unit 3
Agriculture and animal husbandry are closely related with each other especially in any developing country as most of the farmers of Madhya Pradesh are involved in animal husbandry as well. According to the livestock census 2019 Madhya Pradesh ranks third in overall livestock in the country.( Uttar Pradesh > Rajasthan > Madhya Pradesh).
- The department of animal husbandry and dairying Under Ministry of fisheries animal husbandry and dairying performs livestock census after certain intervals.
- The livestock census in India has started since 1919.
- So far 20 livestock census have been performed.( livestock census 2019 was twentieth Census of livestock).
- The total livestock population in the country is 535.78 It has increased 4.6% over livestock census 2012.
- The total number of livestock in Madhya Pradesh is 40.6 million(As per 2019 census).
- The highest increase in the number of livestock is in West Bengal.
Important facts related with livestock in Madhya Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh is in 7th rank for milk production.
- Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of goats in the country.
- Dairy development board was established in 1975.
- Madhya Pradesh Gau Seva Aayog adhiniyam was enacted in 1995.
- Bull reproduction centre in Madhya Pradesh is located at Jabalpur.
- Madhya Pradesh Livestock and Poultry Development Corporation was established in November 1982, it is also known as Madhya Pradesh Rajya Pashudhan Avam Kukkut Vikas Nigam. Its headquarter is in Bhopal.
- Madhya Pradesh state fisheries Development Corporation was established in 1979 in Bhopal, Later it was replaced by Matsya Mahasangh in 1999.
- Jheenga Hechri is in Balaghat.
- The highest number of animals are in Sidhi.
- The least number of animals are in Burhanpur.
- Morena produces the highest amount of milk.
- The maximum density of animals is in Tikamgarh and the minimum is in Hoshangabad.
- Beej Gram Scheme Was launched in 2005-06, its main purpose was to provide training for efficient storage of seeds.
- Kisan Call Centre was established in Bhopal.
- Madhya Pradesh Krishi upaj Mandi Act was passed in 1960.
- Madhya Pradesh Bhumi Vikas Bank was est. in 1977-78.
- In 1962 animal husbandry department was established under the department of agriculture in Madhya Pradesh.
- Kamdhenu gou abhyaran ( Kamdhenu cow sanctuary) is in Susner, Agar Malwa.
- Khurpaka muh Paka and langdi are diseases of livestock.
- Nanaji Deshmukh veterinary Medical Science University is in Jabalpur.
- Government Veterinary College is in Mhow Indore.
- Madhya Pradesh health has a total nine poultry breeding farms.
- Bull mother farm is in Bhopal.
- Nandi Shala scheme was launched in 2005 to improve the breed of cows in rural areas.
- MP’s first fishery policy was announced at Matsya Panchayat in Jabalpur in 2008.
- The highest fish production in Madhya Pradesh is in Jabalpur and the second position is in Seoni.
- Veterinary colleges in Madhya Pradesh are in Jabalpur,Mhow, Rewa, Bhopal and Morena.
Local breeds of Madhya Pradesh
- Kadaknath :- It is a breed of poultry,found in Alirajpur, Jhabua and Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh has received G I tag for kadaknath.It is also considered as pride of Madhya Pradesh.Its flesh and eggs are highly nutritious especially known for high percentage of protein and hemoglobin. kadaknath has four subcategories – Golden, Back, Silver, Pencil.
- Bhadawari :- It is a breed of Buffalo, generally found in Bhind and Gwalior district of Madhya Pradesh. Its appearance – Medium height, small head, long tail, short and stout legs.
- Jamnapari :- It is a local breed of goat found in Madhya Pradesh Bhind district. It has long swing ears and flat horns, moreover it has a Red White spot on its body and produces 23 litre milk per day.
- Nimadi :- Nimadi is a breed of cow(red in colour), it is also known as queen of Nimar.It primarily found in Khargone and Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh, moreover it produces 4 to 5 litre milk per day.
- Malawi :- It is a breed of cow found in Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh. District – Mandsaur, Shajapur, Rajgarh. It produces 4 to 5 litre milk per day and is of grey black colour.